Clare & Limerick Evictions, 1848-1850

Much of the information below is drawn from the pages of the Limerick and Clare Examiner whose proprietor did investigative journalism work in relation to the evictions which were being carried out across the country and in particular in Meelick, county Clare.  His name was James MacCarthy, member of a prosperous family in the contiguous North Liberties of  Limerick city.  He could see the Meelick hillside from the house in which he was reared. MacCarthy’s work was widely published in other provincial and national newspapers including the Nation and the Freeman’s Journal.

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Meelick, county Clare

 

Matthew MacNamara has kindly transcribed the names and the number of dependents (110 heads of household; 499 people) who were evicted from the Meelick and North Liberties area, principally in the townlands of Knockroe, Moneen, Cappamahony, Stonepark, Knocknaskeha, Bulls Farm, Mountgordon; Gortgarraun; Bleach; Fean Cross area; Clonconane; Knockalisheen and Woodcock Hill. In highlighting the work of James MacCarthy, Matthew has drawn attention to the fact that the Famine evictions generated considerable interest near and far as special correspondents were sent ‘into the field’ to report on the latest doings of the dreaded ‘Crowbar Brigade’.

Name Place Dependents Date
Carey Francis Knockroe 5 March 1848
Carey Daniel Knockroe 5 March 1848
Downes Michael Knockroe 2 March 1848
Collins Morty Knockroe 3 March 1848
Egan Thade Knockroe 5 March 1848
Healy John Moneen 7 March 1848
MacCormack Michael Moneen 3 March 1848
Mac Cormack John Moneen 6 March 1848
Glynn James Moneen 7 March 1848
O’Neill John Moneen 6 March 1848
O’Neill Michael Moneen 9 March 1848
Hogan Lot Cappamahony 5 March 1848
Hannifin [widow] Cappamahony 3 March 1848
Mac Cormack John Cappamahony 5 March 1848
Leddy Ned Cappamahony 4 March 1848
Markham   [widow] Cappamahony 7 March 1848
MacNamara Michael Cappamahony 8 March 1848
MacNamara James Cappamahony 4 March 1848
Campbell Denis Cappamahony 3 March 1848
Cherry [widow] Cappamahony 7 March 1848
Hartigan [widow] Cappamahony 4 March 1848
Hartigan   John Cappamahony 4 March 1848
Meany   Thomas Cappamahony 10 March 1848
Campbell   James Cappamahony 7 March 1848
Frost Pat Stonepark 8 March 1848
Gearan Laurence Stonepark 4 March 1848
MacNamara [widow] Stonepark 7 March 1848
MacInerney Patrick Stonepark 6 March 1848
Fitzpatrick Michael Stonepark 4 March 1848
Ryan James Knocknaskeha 7 March 1848
Hickey James Knocknaskeha 8 March 1848
Simmonds Pat Knocknaskeha 8 March 1848
Cooney James Knocknaskeha 5 March 1848
Fitzgerald James Knocknaskeha 6 March 1848
Hannifin John Bull’s Farm and adjoining area 5 March 1848
Walsh   [widow] Bull’s Farm and adjoining area 6 March 1848
Hickey Hugh Bull’s Farm and adjoining area 5 March 1848
Meagher Pat Bull’s Farm and adjoining area 9 March 1848
Nix Charles Bull’s Farm and adjoining area 7 March 1848
Hickey   Thomas Bull’s Farm and adjoining area 6 March 1848
Hickey Michael Bull’s Farm and adjoining area 11 March 1848
Daly Michael Bull’s Farm and adjoining area 11 March 1848
Gleeson Michael Bull’s Farm and adjoining 5 March 1848
Gallagher Michael Mountgordon 8 March   1848
Sullivan Michael Gortgarraun 5 February 1849
Tidings [widow] Gortgarraun 4 February 1849
Keogh Thomas Gortgarraun 5 February 1849
Hartigan   Martin Brennan’s Cross area 5 February 1849
Healy Thomas Brennan’s Cross area 4 February 1849
Hourigan Daniel Brennan’s Cross area 4 February 1849
Cherry John Bleach 6 February 1849
Larkin James Bleach 9 February 1849
Cherry   Pat Bleach 8 February 1849
Hickey Pat Bleach 9 February 1849
Kinnevane [widow] Fean Cross area 5 February 1849
Kinnevane [widow] Fean Cross area 2 February 1849
Kinnevane Pat Fean Cross area 6 February 1849
Carroll      
Hartigan      
Hickey Thade Fean Cross area 6 February 1849
Donoghue John Fean Cross area 3 February 1849
Daly   Michael Fean Cross area 4 February 1849
Maher Pat Fean Cross area 10 February 1849
Walsh [widow] Fean Cross area 9 February 1849
Halloran John Fean Cross area 3 February 1849
Quane William Fean Cross area 12 February 1849
Kelly John Fean Cross area 9 February 1849
Connors Michael Fean Cross area 7 February 1849
Quane Patrick Fean Cross area 9 February 1849
Quane Patrick Clonconane 10 September 1849
Allen Michael Clonconane 6 September 1849
Mulqueen Michael Clonconane 5 September 1849
Halloran   [widow] Clonconane 4 September 1849
Ryan Mrs      
Keogh Michael Knockalisheen   March 1849
Morrissy James Knockalisheen   March 1849
Meehan John Knockalisheen   March 1849
Boland John Knockalisheen   March 1849
Mac Namara John Knockalisheen   March 1849
Moloney John Knockalisheen   March 1849
Hennessy   Thomas Knockalisheen   March 1849
Gallaher John Knockalisheen   March 1849
Quinn Biddy      
Flanagan Peg      
Maher James Woodcock   Hill 5 March 1850
Gleeson Michael Woodcock   Hill 5 March 1850
Ryan John Woodcock   Hill 3 March 1850
Davis Pat Woodcock   Hill 2 March 1850
Ryan Michael Woodcock   Hill 6 March 1850
Canty Patrick Woodcock   Hill 4 March 1850
Ryan Mary [widow] Woodcock   Hill 2 March 1850
Moran Michael Woodcock   Hill 1 March 1850
Gleeson John Woodcock   Hill 1 March 1850
Purcell John [with mother and 2 brothers] Woodcock   Hill   March 1850
Donoghue John [blacksmith] Woodcock   Hill   March 1850
Ryan Michael Woodcock   Hill 3 March 1850
Cusack Michael Woodcock   Hill 2 March 1850
Dolan Michael Woodcock   Hill 4 March 1850
Frost Jack Woodcock   Hill 5 March 1850
Cudmore   [widow] Woodcock   Hill 1 March 1850
Reddin   [widow] Woodcock   Hill 5 March 1850
Loughlin   Michael Woodcock   Hill 2 March 1850
MacNamara   [widow] Woodcock   Hill 3 March 1850
Cherry Michael Woodcock   Hill 4 March 1850
Griffin James Woodcock   Hill 3 March 1850
Meehan Michael Woodcock   Hill 2 March 1850
Hynes Peggy Woodcock   Hill   March 1850
Larkin   [widow] Woodcock   Hill   March 1850
Larkin [widow] Woodcock   Hill 2 March 1850
Quinlivan James Woodcock   Hill   March 1850

Our thanks to Matthew MacNamara for his contribution. These locations will soon be added to the Famine Eviction Map.  If you would like to add to the Famine Eviction Project please get in touch via email: famineeviction@gmail.com or via Twitter: @famineeviction

Eviction at Drimnagh, County Roscommon

Eviction at Drimnagh, County Roscommon

By Jody Moylan

The townland of Drimnagh, near the village of Tulsk (and in the Ogulla electoral division), now much under forestry, was the site of wholesale clearance and eviction in 1845, the first year of the Famine. Thomas J. Barton was the landlord (absentee). The Ordnance Survey historic 6-inch map (completed 1833-46) details numerous clusters of dwellings at Drimnagh; numbering 58 according to the Relief Commission Papers at the National Archives of Ireland. 1.pngThe main cluster surrounds a ‘Corn Kiln’, while more clusters are visible immediately to the east and north-east.

In the Freeman’s Journal 27 August 1850 the following report was given:

‘In the townland of Glennballythomas there [were] three hundred and thirty-one    persons, now there are but four houses in that townland, containing four heads and their families. In the townland of Drimnagh, in the same electoral division, they say there [were] two hundred and nine persons, whilst there are [now] only about twenty  persons.’

Just what happened to the residents of Drimnagh who were evicted? In the Historic 25-inch map (1897-1913) only one large building remains.2

Witness accounts from the Famine relate only a handful of stories, centered on two incidents relating to Drimnagh, one of a dead man being slowly dragged across adjacent fields by his wife and son to the graveyard at Ogulla, another of a man named Garvey returning to die in the townland after his emigration ship was shipwrecked. In an 1847 report printed in the Freeman’s Journal Tulsk the parish priest Fr Michael Lennon stated that of the 5,663 population within the united parishes of Ogulla, Kilcooley and Killukin , some 2461 persons were destitute. One former Tulsk resident, who resided in London in April 1847, donated the then considerable sum of one-hundred pounds to the relief of the poor in the parish. According to Fr Lennon in a separate letter to the Relief Commissioners, the man wished to remain anonymous.

Jody Moylan is the author of Daniel O’Connell: A graphic life (Cork, 2016). For more information see https://www.collinspress.ie/daniel-oconnell.html

 

 

The demise of Marrin

No county, village or townland it seems was exempt from the visit of the so-called ‘Crowbar Brigade’. These men, usually local and plied with alcohol before the comm4encement of their duties, were universally despised. In Monaghan the fabled ‘Shirley Brigade’ particularly active in the early 1850s levelling houses. As this example illustrates their activity on occasion caused the demise of a man named Marrin, an overzealous ‘hut tumbler’.  Have you any information on how the ‘Shirley Brigade’  played havoc in county Monaghan during the Famine years?

 

Irish Famine Eviction Project Update (Feb 2017)

The new year has seen the Irish Famine Eviction Project busy updating the Eviction Map (see https://irishfamineeviction.com/eviction-map ) which when it went live in late 2016 had almost 500 sites of eviction recorded. A revised map will shortly be in place bringing this number to close to 800.

We now have over 450 subscribers to the IFEP mailchimp list who will receive updates of the project via a newsletter. In addition the projects twitter page- @famineeviction now has over 400 followers and the almost daily tweets (see example below) are proving very popular and creating debate.

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Watch out for a number of talks in 2017 which will feature the Irish Famine Eviction Project including one by Dr Ciarán Reilly , ‘The geography and nature of Irish  Famine eviction’, at Queens University Belfast in April.

Do you have any knowledge of Famine related evictions? If so please get in contact (Twitter: @famineeviction or email famineeviction@gmail.com

Eviction from Ballyduneen, Clare

Of course the process of eviction did not end on the day a family was removed. Eviction had far reaching consequences with long-standing close communities devastated and people being scattered across the globe as a result. Alan Jones has contributed information relating to his ancestors, John Carmody and family who left Ballyduneen, County Clare for New South Wales in 1851. The Carmodys were tenants on the estate of William Studdert of  Thornberry Lodge. The evictions took place on 12 May 1849 and from a small community (63 inhabited houses, per the 1841 census) included the following families:

ballyduneen-evictions

(Courtesy of Clare County Library)

For further information see Alan Jones, ‘From the Carmodys of Kilmihil to the Mulligans of Muswellbrook’ (Thesis submitted to The Society of Australian Genealogists, in relation to Diploma in Family Historical Studies, 2013).